英语阅读------选词填空小技巧

大耗子 2020年07月09日 126次浏览

词性辨析

名词词缀:

  1. -acy,表示"性质,状态,境遇"
    democracy, accuracy, diplomacy
  2. -ance, -ence , -ancy, -ency,表示
    性质,状况,行为,过程”
    importance, diligence, frequency
  3. -ion, -sion, -tion, -ation, -ition,
    表示"行为的过程,结果,状况"
    action, solution, conclusion
    4.-ment,
    表示"行为,状态,过程,手段及其结果
    treatment, movement, judgment
  4. -ness,
    表示"性质,状态,程度"
    goodness, kindness, tiredness

动词词缀:

  1. -ize, ise,
    表示"做成,变成, .....化”
    modernize, mechanize, democratize
  2. -en,
    表示"使成为,引起,使有”
    quicken, weaken, soften, harden (
  3. -fy,
    表示...化,使成”
    beautify, purify, intensify, signify
    4.-ish,
    表示"使,令”
    finish, abolish, diminish, establish
  4. -ate,
    表示"成....., 处理,作用”
    separate, operate, indicate

形容词词缀:

  1. -able, -ible,
    表示"可...的,能..的,具有某种性质的"
    visible, flexible, reasonable
  2. -ive,表示.有....性质的”
    active, sensitive, productive
  3. -al,表示“具有...性质的"
    personal, digital, critical
  4. -ful,表示“富...的”
    beautiful, wonderful, helpful, truthful
  5. -ess,
    表示....的,不的”
    countless, stainless
  6. -ous,表示.....性质的,属于....的”
    dangerous, generous, courageous

有连字符而且还有ed之类结尾的,大多数是形容词

副词词缀:

1.形容词-ly,表示....方式
bad-> badly严重地,恶劣地
careful->carefuly小心地
2. -wise,按照....方式
clock→clockwise顺时针方向地
like→likewise同样地
3. -ward(s),表示方式或动作的方向
out→outwards向外面地
east→eastwards向东

公式解题

客观真理直接用一般现在时

名词判断(重点):

1.位于a/ the (冠词) /数词之后( +of )
a girl the** book** the name of
2.位于adj.(形容词)之后
a good idea
3.位于vt./vi./be(谓语动词)之前做句子主语。
Practice makes perfect.
chances are good that

动词判断(重点):

1.位于两个n./pron.(名/代)之间填入及物动词vt.
We need practice
2.位于n./pron. (名/代)与adv./prep. (副/介)之间填入不及物动词vi.
He runs fast.
He looks at you.
动词判断:
3.位于情态动词之后,填入动词原形
I can drive.

形容词判断:

1.a/the(冠词)与n.(名词)之间
a beautiful girl
a famous person

副词判断:

1.副词修饰动词
He runs fast.
2.副词修饰形容词
Your English is prettygood.
3.副词修饰整个句子
Luckily, we got to the train station on time.

逻辑关系

并列判断:

  1. 形式差不多
  2. 意思接近

例子:
The risk of heart disease increased
15%over a decade, and the odds of dying
prematurely 41 13% during a seven-year
follow-up. ( 2015.06卷二)
备选项: A) climbed K) suffered

转折判断:

判断词:but,although,however,while,though
Although many of his specific
conclusions have been 45 or modified over
the years, his ideas inspired thousands of
studies by investigators all over the world. (2015.12卷三)
备选项: C) confirmed N) rejected

表示因果关系: so, consequently, thus,
therefore, as a result, according to, because,
since, as
表示递进关系: furthermore, moreover
表示比较关系: similarly, equally, like, in the same way
表示总结关系: in conclusion, finally, inshort,
in summary, to sum up, in a word,
generally speaking

固定搭配

常用的固定搭配,靠日常积累了
with regard to,